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Heading 01: Electric motors and generators (excluding generating sets)
Heading 02: Electric generating sets and rotary converters
Heading 03: Parts suitable for use solely or principally with the machines of heading 8501 or 8502
Heading 04: Electrical transformers, static converters (for example, rectifiers) and inductors
Heading 05: Electromagnets; permanent magnets and articles intended to become permanent magnets after magnetisation; electromagnetic or permanent magnet chucks, clamps and similar holding devices; electromagnetic couplings, clutches and brakes; electromagnetic lifting heads
Heading 06: Primary cells and primary batteries
Heading 07: Electric accumulators, including separators therefor, whether or not rectangular (including square)
Heading 08: Vacuum cleaners
Heading 09: Electromechanical domestic appliances, with self-contained electric motor, other than vacuum cleaners of heading 8508
Heading 10: Shavers, hair clippers and hair-removing appliances, with self-contained electric motor
Heading 11: Electrical ignition or starting equipment of a kind used for spark-ignition or compression-ignition internal combustion engines (for example, ignition magnetos, magneto-dynamos, ignition coils, sparking plugs and glow plugs, starter motors); generators (for example, dynamos, alternators) and cut-outs of a kind used in conjunction with such engines
Heading 12: Electrical lighting or signalling equipment (excluding articles of heading 8539), windscreen wipers, defrosters and demisters, of a kind used for cycles or motor vehicles
Heading 13: Portable electric lamps designed to function by their own source of energy (for example, dry batteries, accumulators, magnetos), other than lighting equipment of heading 8512
Heading 14: Industrial or laboratory electric furnaces and ovens (including those functioning by induction or dielectric loss); other industrial or laboratory equipment for the heat treatment of materials by induction or dielectric loss
Heading 15: Electric (including electrically heated gas), laser or other light or photon beam, ultrasonic, electron beam, magnetic pulse or plasma arc soldering, brazing or welding machines and apparatus, whether or not capable of cutting; electric machines and apparatus for hot spraying of metals or cermets
Heading 16: Electric instantaneous or storage water heaters and immersion heaters; electric space-heating apparatus and soil-heating apparatus; electrothermic hairdressing apparatus (for example, hairdryers, hair curlers, curling tong heaters) and hand dryers; electric smoothing irons; other electrothermic appliances of a kind used for domestic purposes; electric heating resistors, other than those of heading 8545
Heading 17: Telephone sets, including telephones for cellular networks or for other wireless networks; other apparatus for the transmission or reception of voice, images or other data, including apparatus for communication in a wired or wireless network (such as a local or wide area network), other than transmission or reception apparatus of heading 8443, 8525, 8527 or 8528
Heading 18: Microphones and stands therefor; loudspeakers, whether or not mounted in their enclosures; headphones and earphones, whether or not combined with a microphone, and sets consisting of a microphone and one or more loudspeakers; audio-frequency electric amplifiers; electric sound amplifier sets
Heading 19: Sound recording or sound reproducing apparatus
Heading 21: Video recording or reproducing apparatus, whether or not incorporating a video tuner
Heading 22: Parts and accessories suitable for use solely or principally with the apparatus of heading 8519 or 8521
Heading 23: Discs, tapes, solid-state non-volatile storage devices, 'smart cards' and other media for the recording of sound or of other phenomena, whether or not recorded, including matrices and masters for the production of discs, but excluding products of Chapter 37
Heading 25: Transmission apparatus for radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras, digital cameras and video camera recorders
Heading 26: Radar apparatus, radio navigational aid apparatus and radio remote control apparatus
Heading 27: Reception apparatus for radio-broadcasting, whether or not combined, in the same housing, with sound recording or reproducing apparatus or a clock
Heading 28: Monitors and projectors, not incorporating television reception apparatus; reception apparatus for television, whether or not incorporating radio-broadcast receivers or sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus
Heading 29: Parts suitable for use solely or principally with the apparatus of headings 8525 to 8528
Heading 30: Electrical signalling, safety or traffic control equipment for railways, tramways, roads, inland waterways, parking facilities, port installations or airfields (other than those of heading 8608)
Heading 31: Electric sound or visual signalling apparatus (for example, bells, sirens, indicator panels, burglar or fire alarms), other than those of heading 8512 or 8530
Heading 32: Electrical capacitors, fixed, variable or adjustable (pre-set)
Heading 33: Electrical resistors (including rheostats and potentiometers), other than heating resistors
Heading 34: Printed circuits
Heading 35: Electrical apparatus for switching or protecting electrical circuits, or for making connections to or in electrical circuits (for example, switches, fuses, lightning arresters, voltage limiters, surge suppressors, plugs and other connectors, junction boxes), for a voltage exceeding 1 000 V
Heading 36: Electrical apparatus for switching or protecting electrical circuits, or for making connections to or in electrical circuits (for example, switches, relays, fuses, surge suppressors, plugs, sockets, lamp holders and other connectors, junction boxes), for a voltage not exceeding 1 000 V; connectors for optical fibres, optical fibre bundles or cables
Heading 37: Boards, panels, consoles, desks, cabinets and other bases, equipped with two or more apparatus of heading 8535 or 8536, for electric control or the distribution of electricity, including those incorporating instruments or apparatus of Chapter 90, and numerical control apparatus, other than switching apparatus of heading 8517
Heading 38: Parts suitable for use solely or principally with the apparatus of heading 8535, 8536 or 8537
Heading 39: Electric filament or discharge lamps, including sealed beam lamp units and ultraviolet or infra-red lamps; arc-lamps; light-emitting diode (LED) lamps
Heading 40: Thermionic, cold cathode or photocathode valves and tubes (for example, vacuum or vapour or gas filled valves and tubes, mercury arc rectifying valves and tubes, cathode ray tubes, television camera tubes)
Heading 41: Diodes, transistors and similar semiconductor devices; photosensitive semiconductor devices, including photovoltaic cells whether or not assembled in modules or made up into panels; light-emitting diodes (LED); mounted piezoelectric crystals
Heading 42: Electronic integrated circuits
Heading 43: Electrical machines and apparatus, having individual functions, not specified or included elsewhere in this chapter
Heading 44: Insulated (including enamelled or anodised) wire, cable (including coaxial cable) and other insulated electric conductors, whether or not fitted with connectors; optical fibre cables, made up of individually sheathed fibres, whether or not assembled with electric conductors or fitted with connectors
Heading 45: Carbon electrodes, carbon brushes, lamp carbons, battery carbons and other articles of graphite or other carbon, with or without metal, of a kind used for electrical purposes
Heading 46: Electrical insulators of any material
Heading 47: Insulating fittings for electrical machines, appliances or equipment, being fittings wholly of insulating material apart from any minor components of metal (for example, threaded sockets) incorporated during moulding solely for purposes of assembly, other than insulators of heading 8546; electrical conduit tubing and joints therefor, of base metal lined with insulating material
Heading 48: Waste and scrap of primary cells, primary batteries and electric accumulators; spent primary cells, spent primary batteries and spent electric accumulators; electrical parts of machinery or apparatus, not specified or included elsewhere in this chapter

Chapter notes

  • 1. This chapter does not cover:
  • (a) electrically warmed blankets, bed pans, foot-muffs or the like; electrically warmed clothing, footwear or ear pads or other electrically warmed articles worn on or about the person;
  • (b) articles of glass of heading 7011;
  • (c) machines and apparatus of heading 8486;
  • (d) vacuum apparatus of a kind used in medical, surgical, dental or veterinary science (heading 9018); or
  • (e) electrically heated furniture of Chapter 94.

  • 2. Headings 8501 to 8504 do not apply to goods described in heading 8511, 8512, 8540, 8541 or 8542. However, metal tank mercury arc rectifiers remain classified in heading 8504.

  • 3. For the purposes of heading 8507, the expression ‘electric accumulators’ includes those presented with ancillary components which contribute to the accumulator’s function of storing and supplying energy or protect it from damage, such as electrical connectors, temperature control devices (e.g., thermistors) and circuit protection devices. They may also include a portion of the protective housing of the goods in which they are to be used.

  • 4. Heading 8509 covers only the following electromechanical machines of the kind commonly used for domestic purposes:
    • (a) floor polishers, food grinders and mixers, and fruit or vegetable juice extractors, of any weight;
    • (b) other machines provided the weight of such machines does not exceed 20kg. The heading does not, however, apply to fans or ventilating or recycling hoods incorporating a fan, whether or not fitted with filters (heading 8414), centrifugal clothes-dryers (heading 8421), dishwashing machines (heading 8422), household washing machines (heading 8450), roller or other ironing machines (heading 8420 or 8451), sewing machines (heading 8452), electric scissors (heading 8467) or to electro-thermic appliances (heading 8516).
  • 5. For the purposes of heading 8523:
    • (a) ‘solid-state non-volatile storage devices’ (for example, ‘flash memory cards’ or ‘flash electronic storage cards’) are storage devices with a connecting socket, comprising in the same housing one or more flash memories (for example, ‘Flash E2PROM’) in the form of integrated circuits mounted on a printed circuit board. They may include a controller in the form of an integrated circuit and discrete passive components, such as capacitors and resistors;
    • (b) the term ‘smart cards’ means cards which have embedded in them one or more electronic integrated circuits (a microprocessor, random access memory (RAM) or read-only memory (ROM)) in the form of chips. These cards may contain contacts, a magnetic stripe or an embedded antenna but do not contain any other active or passive circuit elements.
  • 6. For the purposes of heading 8534, ‘printed circuits’ are circuits obtained by forming on an insulating base, by any printing process (for example, embossing, plating-up, etching) or by the ‘film circuit’ technique, conductor elements, contacts or other printed components (for example, inductances, resistors, capacitors) alone or interconnected according to a pre-established pattern, other than elements which can produce, rectify, modulate or amplify an electrical signal (for example, semiconductor elements).
  • The expression ‘printed circuits’ does not cover circuits combined with elements other than those obtained during the printing process, nor does it cover individual, discrete resistors, capacitors or inductances. Printed circuits may, however, be fitted with non-printed connecting elements.
  • Thin- or thick-film circuits comprising passive and active elements obtained during the same technological process are to be classified in heading 8542.

  • 7. For the purpose of heading 8536, ‘connectors for optical fibres, optical fibre-bundles or cables’ means connectors that simply mechanically align optical fibres end to end in a digital line system. They perform no other function, such as the amplification, regeneration or modification of a signal.

  • 8. Heading 8537 does not include cordless infrared devices for the remote control of television receivers or other electrical equipment (heading 8543).

  • 9. For the purpose of headings 8541 and 8542:
    • (a) ‘Diodes, transistors and similar semiconductor devices’ are semiconductor devices the operation of which depends on variations in resistivity on the application of an electric field.
    • (b) ‘Electronic integrated circuits’ are:
      • (1) monolithic integrated circuits in which the circuit elements (diodes, transistors, resistors, capacitors, inductances, etc.) are created in the mass (essentially) and on the surface of a semiconductor or compound semiconductor material (for example doped silicon, gallium arsenide, silicon germanium, lndium phosphide) and are inseparably associated;
      • (2) hybrid integrated circuits in which passive elements (resistors, capacitors, inductances, etc), obtained by thin-or thick-film technology, and active elements (diodes, transistors, monolithic integrated circuits, etc.), obtained by semiconductor technology, are combined to all intents and purposes indivisibly, by interconnections or inter connecting cables, on a single insulating substrate (glass, ceramic, etc.). These circuits may also include discrete components;
      • (3) multichip integrated circuits consisting of two or more interconnected monolithic integrated circuits combined to all intents and purposes indivisibly, whether or not on one or more insulating substrates, with or without leadframes, but with no other active or passive circuit elements.
      • (4) multi-component integrated circuits (MCOs): a combination of one or more monolithic, hybrid, or multi-chip integrated circuits with at least one of the following components: silicon-based sensors, actuators, oscillators, resonators or combinations thereof, or components performing the functions of articles classifiable under heading 8532, 8533, 8541, or inductors classifiable under heading 8504, formed to all intents and purposes indivisibly into a single body like an integrated circuit, as a component of a kind used for assembly onto a printed circuit board (PCB) or other carrier, through the connecting of pins, leads, balls, lands, bumps, or pads.
  • For the purpose of this definition:
    • (1) ‘Components’ may be discrete, manufactured independently then assembled onto the rest of the MCO, or integrated into other components.

    • (2) ‘Silicon based’ means built on a silicon substrate, or made of silicon materials, or manufactured onto integrated circuit die.

    • (3) (a) ‘Silicon based sensors’ consist of microelectronic or mechanical structures that are created in the mass or on the surface of a semiconductor and that have the function of detecting physical or chemical quantities and transducing these into electric signals, caused by resulting variations in electric properties or displacement of a mechanical structure. ‘Physical or chemical quantities’ relates to real world phenomena, such as pressure, acoustic waves, acceleration, vibration, movement, orientation, strain, magnetic field strength, electric field strength, light, radioactivity, humidity, flow, chemicals concentration, etc.
    • (b)’Silicon based actuators” consist of microelectronic and mechanical structures that are created in the mass or on the surface of a semiconductor and that have the function of converting electrical signals into physical movement. For the classification of the articles defined in this note, headings 8541 and 8542 shall take precedence over any other heading in the classification, except in the case of heading 8523, which might cover them by reference to, in particular, their function.
    • (c) ‘Silicon based resonators’ are components that consist of microelectronic or mechanical structures that are created in the mass or on the surface of a semiconductor and have the function of generating a mechanical or electrical oscillation of a predefined frequency that depends on the physical geometry of these structures in response to an external input.
    • (d) ‘Silicon based oscillators’ are active components that consist of microelectronic or mechanical structures that are created in the mass or on the surface of a semiconductor and that have the function of generating a mechanical or electrical oscillation of a predefined frequency that depends on the physical geometry of these structures.
  • 10. For the purposes of heading 8548, ‘spent primary cells, spent primary batteries and spent electric accumulators’ are those which are neither usable as such because of breakage, cutting-up, wear or other reasons, nor capable of being recharged.

Subheading notes

  • 1. Subheading 8527 12 covers only cassette-players with built-in amplifier, without built-in loudspeaker, capable of operating without an external source of electric power and the dimensions of which do not exceed 170 mm x 100 mm x 45 mm.

Additional chapter notes

  • 1. Subheadings 8519 20 10 and 8519 30 00 are to be taken not to apply to sound reproducing apparatus with laser reading system.

  • 2. Subheading note 1 is applicable, mutatis mutandis, to subheading 8519 81 15.

  • 3. For the purposes of subheadings 8528 71 15 and 8528 71 91 only, the term ‘modem’ covers devices or equipment that modulate and demodulate incoming and outgoing signals, such as V.90-modems or cable modems, and other devices that use like technologies for gaining access to the internet, such as VLAN, ISDN and ethernet. The extent of access to the internet may be limited by the service provider. Apparatus of these subheadings must enable a two-way communication process or the two-way flow of information for the purposes of providing interactive information exchange.

Section notes

  • 1. This section does not cover:
  • (a) transmission or conveyor belts or belting, of plastics of Chapter 39, or of vulcanised rubber (heading 4010); or other articles of a kind used in machinery or mechanical or electrical appliances or for other technical uses, of vulcanised rubber other than hard rubber (heading 4016);
  • (b) articles of leather or of composition leather (heading 4205) or of furskin (heading 4303), of a kind used in machinery or mechanical appliances or for other technical uses;
  • (c) bobbins, spools, cops, cones, cores, reels or similar supports, of any material (for example, Chapter 39, 40, 44 or 48 or Section XV);
  • (d) perforated cards for jacquard or similar machines (for example, Chapter 39 or 48 or Section XV);
  • (e) transmission or conveyor belts or belting, of textile material (heading 5910) or other articles of textile material for technical uses (heading 5911);
  • (f) precious or semi-precious stones (natural, synthetic or reconstructed) of headings 7102 to 7104, or articles wholly of such stones of heading 7116, except unmounted worked sapphires and diamonds for styli (heading 8522);
  • (g) parts of general use, as defined in note 2 to Section XV, of base metal (Section XV), or similar goods of plastics (Chapter 39);
  • (h) drill pipe (heading 7304);
  • (ij) endless belts of metal wire or strip (Section XV);
  • (k) articles of Chapter 82 or 83;
  • (l) articles of Section XVII;
  • (m) articles of Chapter 90;
  • (n) clocks, watches or other articles of Chapter 91;
  • (o) interchangeable tools of heading 8207 or brushes of a kind used as parts of machines (heading 9603); similar interchangeable tools are to be classified according to the constituent material of their working part (for example, in Chapter 40, 42, 43, 45 or 59 or heading 6804 or 6909);
  • (p) articles of Chapter 95; or
  • (q) typewriter or similar ribbons, whether or not on spools or in cartridges (classified according to their constituent material, or in heading 9612 if inked or otherwise prepared for giving impressions), or monopods, bipods, tripods and similar articles, of heading 9620.

  • 2. Subject to note 1 to this section, note 1 to Chapter 84 and to note 1 to Chapter 85, parts of machines (not being parts of the articles of heading 8484, 8544, 8545, 8546 or 8547) are to be classified according to the following rules:
  • (a) Parts which are goods included in any of the headings of Chapter 84 or 85 (other than headings 8409, 8431, 8448, 8466, 8473, 8487, 8503, 8522, 8529, 8538 and 8548) are in all cases to be classified in their respective headings.
  • (b) Other parts, if suitable for use solely or principally with a particular kind of machine, or with a number of machines of the same heading (including a machine of heading 8479 or 8543) are to be classified with the machines of that kind or in heading 8409, 8431, 8448, 8466, 8473, 8503, 8522, 8529 or 8538 as appropriate. However, parts which are equally suitable for use principally with the goods of headings 8517 and 8525 to 8528 are to be classified in heading 8517.
  • (c) All other parts are to be classified in heading 8409, 8431, 8448, 8466, 8473, 8503, 8522, 8529 or 8538 as appropriate or, failing that, in heading 8487 or 8548.

  • 3. Unless the context otherwise requires, composite machines consisting of two or more machines fitted together to form a whole and other machines designed for the purpose of performing two or more complementary or alternative functions are to be classified as if consisting only of that component or as being that machine which performs the principal function.

  • 4. Where a machine (including a combination of machines) consists of individual components (whether separate or interconnected by piping, by transmission devices, by electric cables or by other devices) intended to contribute together to a clearly defined function covered by one of the headings in Chapter 84 or 85, then the whole falls to be classified in the heading appropriate to that function.

  • 5. For the purposes of these notes, the expression ‘machine’ means any machine, machinery, plant, equipment, apparatus or appliance cited in the headings of Chapter 84 or 85.

Additional section notes

  • 1. Tools necessary for the assembly or maintenance of machines are to be classified with those machines if imported with them. Interchangeable tools imported with machines are also to be classified therewith if they form part of the normal equipment of the machines and are normally sold with them.

  • 2. The provisions of general rule of interpretation 2(a) are also applicable, at the request of the declarant and subject to conditions stipulated by the Customs authorities, to machines imported in split consignments.

Last updated: 12 April 2021 View latest amendments